Pirate or naval hero? You decide

by Bill Federer -- "I have not yet begun to fight!" shouted John Paul Jones when the captain of the 50-gun British frigate HMS Serapis taunted him to surrender. Their ships were more…

Why oaths require a belief in God

by Bill Federer -- Chief Justice James Kent explained in People v. Ruggles, 1811, what made oaths effective: "In Taylor's case ... the court ... said, that Christianity was parcel of the more…

What happens in a democracy without morals?

by Bill Federer -- He sat next to George Washington in the pew at St. Paul's Chapel in New York during the religious service following Washington's presidential inauguration. He helped ratify the more…

What Tolkien had to say about lust for power

by Bill Federer -- "The Lord of the Rings" by J.R.R. Tolkien describes man's insatiable lust for "the Ring of Power," as Gandalf exclaimed: "Always remember Frodo, the Ring is trying to more…

The most obscure Founding Father ever?

by Bill Federer -- John Langdon was born in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, in 1741 and grew up as a member of the North Congregational Church, where his distant relative, future Harvard President more…

Birth of our nation – was it a miracle?

by Bill Federer -- "Done...the seventeenth day of September, in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty seven." This is the last line of the U.S. Constitution. Signer more…

Which is better: Top-down
or bottom-up government?

by Bill Federer -- Sept. 16, 1620, according to the Gregorian Calendar, 102 passengers set sail on the Pilgrims' ship, Mayflower, with the blessings of their separatist pastor, John Robinson. Their 66-day more…